Germany, officially recognized as the Federal Republic of Germany, is a nation housed in Central Europe with some parts lying in Western Europe as well. It is the most populous state of the European Union. Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany. German is the official language of the country. The sovereign state of Germany is led by a Chancellor and is a federal parliamentary republic. The cultural background of the country is very rich and has served as a home to a large number of renowned talents in various fields namely sports, art, philosophy, engineering, science, and numerous others. The climatic conditions in Germany are quite moderate, and the weather rarely gets harsh there. There are sixteen national parks in the country, marking its prominence in biodiversity. The germans also excel in the artistic and architectural domains. The contributions in architecture include the Carolingian and Ottonian styles.